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ISBN-10: 1405149949

ISBN-13: 9781405149945

This choice of newly comissioned essays through foreign participants bargains a consultant review of crucial advancements in modern philosophical logic.

•Presents controversies in philosophical implications and purposes of formal symbolic good judgment.

•Surveys significant developments and provides unique insights.

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Additional resources for A Companion to Philosophical Logic

Sample text

The supposition of a term, in a certain propositional context, is what the term stands for in the context in question. What supposition the subject term S takes depends on the signification of the predicate P. In the proposition [Sortes is a man] the term Sortes has personal supposition, because it stands for the individual Socrates. If we consider the true propositions [Man is a sort] and [Man is a word] the term man has moved from predicate to subject position. In the proposition [Man is a word] it has material supposition, because it stands for the word and not the person whence the modern use of quotation-marks is superfluous.

And tr. by A. Vos Jaczn. ), New Synthese Historical Library, vol. 42 (Dordrecht: Kluwer, 1994). Mikko Yrjönsauuri’s Helsinki dissertation Obligationes – 14th Century Logic of Disputational Duties, in: Acta Philosopphica Fennica, 55 (1994), summarizes much of what is known about the theory of obligations. G. E. Hughes, John Buridan on Self-Reference (Cambridge University Press, 1982) is a perfect example of a medieval treatment of logical paradoxes. There are two (English language) journals devoted to medieval philosophy, namely Vivarium and Medieval Philosophy and Theology.

In contemporary philosophical logic, logical paradoxes and their resolution – their diagnosis and prevention – are treated if and when they arise. Their treatment does not constitute a separate branch of logic. In (late) medieval logic, however, a novel genre was added to the standard logical repertoire and tracts devoted solely to the treatment of Insolubilia begin to appear. Not all of medieval logic is confined to logic texts, though. The role that philosophy served in medieval academic life was primarily that of an ancilla theologicae (‘a servant of theology’).

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A Companion to Philosophical Logic

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