By David Fromkin
The significantly acclaimed New York Times bestselling account of the way the trendy center East got here into being after international conflict I, and why it's in upheaval today
In our time the center East has confirmed a battleground of rival religions, ideologies, nationalisms, and dynasties. All of those conflicts, together with the hostilities among Arabs and Israelis that experience flared all over again, come down, in a feeling, to the level to which the center East will proceed to reside with its political inheritance: the preparations, unities, and divisions imposed upon the sector through the Allies after the 1st global War.
In A Peace to finish All Peace, David Fromkin unearths how and why the Allies got here to remake the geography and politics of the center East, drawing strains on an empty map that finally grew to become the recent nations of Iraq, Israel, Jordan, and Lebanon. concentrating on the adolescence of 1914 to 1922, whilst all-even an alliance among Arab nationalism and Zionism-seemed attainable he increases questions on what could have been performed another way, and solutions questions about why issues have been performed as they have been. the present conflict for a Palestinian fatherland has its roots in those occasions of eighty five years ago.
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Extra info for A Peace to End All Peace: The Fall of the Ottoman Empire and the Creation of the Modern Middle East
To m e , I confess, they are the pieces on a c h e s s b o a r d u p o n which is b e i n g played out a g a m e for the d o m i n i o n of the w o r l d . " Q u e e n Victoria put it even m o r e clearly: it w a s , she said, "a q u e s t i o n of R u s s i a n or British s u p r e m a c y in the w o r l d . " 1 2 3 Ill It a p p e a r s to have been a British officer n a m e d A r t h u r Conolly who first called it "the G r e a t G a m e . " He played it gallantly, along the H i m a l a y a n frontier a n d in the deserts and oases of Central A s i a , a n d lost in a terrible w a y : an U z b e k e m i r cast him for two m o n t h s into a well which w a s filled with vermin a n d reptiles, a n d then what remained o f h i m was b r o u g h t u p a n d b e h e a d e d .
P . leader, b e c a m e Minister of the Interior and the real leader of the g o v e r n m e n t . T h e courtly Prince S a i d H a l i m provided respectability as G r a n d Vizier and F o r e i g n Minister. T h e British g o v e r n m e n t sent out a new a m b a s s a d o r , S i r L o u i s Mallet, who was s y m p a t h e t i c t o the Y o u n g T u r k s . H e too, however, was uninformed a b o u t what was h a p p e n i n g in C o n s t a n t i n o p l e . Where his p r e d e c e s s o r had detected J e w i s h a n d G e r m a n control, Mallet sent d i s p a t c h e s to L o n d o n that radiated a m i s l e a d i n g o p t i m i s m about the Porte's intentions.
Leaders, like other O t t o m a n leaders before them, wanted the E u r o p e a n technologies to be introduced but were determined to avoid E u r o p e a n ownership or control. D u r i n g the nineteenth century, T u r k e y h a d created her own postal service, even though it coexisted within the e m p i r e alongside postal services maintained for themselves by various E u r o p e a n p o w e r s . R e jecting an offer from a British c o m p a n y , the O t t o m a n E m p i r e also created its own telegraph n e t w o r k .
A Peace to End All Peace: The Fall of the Ottoman Empire and the Creation of the Modern Middle East by David Fromkin