By Margarita Diaz-Andreu
Margarita Diaz-Andreu bargains an leading edge background of archaeology in the course of the 19th century, encompassing all its fields from the origins of humanity to the medieval interval, and all parts of the realm. the improvement of archaeology is put in the framework of latest political occasions, with a specific concentration upon the ideologies of nationalism and imperialism. Diaz-Andreu examines a variety of concerns, together with the production of associations, the conversion of the examine of antiquities right into a career, public reminiscence, alterations in archaeological proposal and perform, and the impression on archaeology of racism, faith, the idea in development, hegemony, and resistance.
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Additional resources for A World History of Nineteenth-Century Archaeology: Nationalism, Colonialism, and the Past
In the same way, the Spanish King Felipe II instructed Ambrosio de Morales (1513–91) to search for ancient remains that could be contextualized in the monarchy’s Wght against ecclesiastical power (Mora 1998: 25). Inventories seem to have also been created in Scandinavia (Nordbladh 2002: 143–4). Interestingly, it may be worth indicating a similarity here between Scandinavia—in particular Sweden—with both Spain and Britain: all of them were early modern empires, although in the case of Sweden the area of expansion was in the neighbouring areas of the Baltic (Roberts 1979).
Chapter 14 puts together some thoughts gathered throughout the writing of this book, stressing the role of the individual in archaeology’s emergence as a professional discipline in its national, colonial, and imperial context. Archaeology did not become an established profession because governments imposed its institutionalization, but because people wanted this to happen. Issues of national pride, the role of antiquities in assisting the progress of the nation, the state’s realization of the usefulness of having a historical account legitimizing the nation, will be dealt with.
The antiquities found in Latin America, however, were not complemented by documents that philologists could read. This led their study to be shared by anthropologists. Both areas, the Far East and Latin America, also diVered in the traditions of local research, much closer to the European model in Latin America, for obvious reasons (it was colonized by the Iberian countries from 1492) than in China and Japan, which had been almost completely closed to Europeans in the early modern period. This explains why the number of local experts in the Latin American countries was much higher than in the Asian countries, a contrast that shows similar results in terms of the local institutions created at the time.
A World History of Nineteenth-Century Archaeology: Nationalism, Colonialism, and the Past by Margarita Diaz-Andreu