By Tomoko M. Nakanishi, Keitaro Tanoi
This publication studies the implications from on-site learn into radioactive cesium infection in numerous agricultural platforms plagued by the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear strength Plant twist of fate that happened in March 2011. this can be the second one quantity from the study teams shaped within the Graduate college of Agricultural and existence Sciences of The collage of Tokyo who've released the preliminary facts of their first quantity. during this e-book, extra info accrued within the next years are awarded to teach how the radioactivity point in agricultural items and their becoming environments have replaced with time. the information make clear the direction in which radioactive fabrics entered agricultural items and their circulate between varied parts (e.g., soil, water, and bushes) inside of an environmental approach (e.g., forests). The publication includes quite a few subject matters, together with radioactivity inspection of meals items; decontamination trials for rice and cattle construction; the nation of illness in wild animals and birds, bushes, mushrooms, and bushes; the dynamics of radioactivity distribution in mountain and paddy fields; harm incurred via the forestry and fishery industries; and the swap in shoppers’ minds. The final bankruptcy introduces a real-time radioisotope imaging process, the leading edge strategy to visualize real circulation of cesium in soil and in vegetation. this is often the one ebook to supply systematic information concerning the genuine switch of radioactivity, and hence is of serious worth for all researchers who desire to comprehend the impression of radioactive fallout on agriculture. The undertaking is ongoing; the examine teams proceed their paintings within the box for additional review of the long term effects.
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Extra resources for Agricultural Implications of the Fukushima Nuclear Accident: The First Three Years
3 Concentration of K, 137Cs, Mg, Ca, and Na in each tissue of K-sufficient (white bar) and K-deficient (black bar) rice plants at harvest. To measure K, Mg, Ca, and Na, the tissues were digested with nitric acid and analyzed using ICP-OES (Optima 7300, PerkinElmer). The concentration of 137Cs was determined using gamma counting [Modified from Kobayashi and Nobori (2014)] concentration in the brown rice and husk remained lower than that in the leaves. These observations indicate that the mechanism regulating Cs allocation in rice plants is closely related to the K transport mechanism.
2) was similar to the radiocesium distribution found in the rice grown in Paddy-field A (Fig. 1). In K-deficient rice, the 137Cs accumulated in the ear accounted for more than 25 % of 137Cs found in the shoots, whereas it was less than 10 % in the K-sufficient rice (Fig. 2). As a result, K concentration in the culture solution was shown to impact significantly on Cs distribution within a rice plant. 3 Cation Concentration in K-Sufficient and K-Deficient Rice Plants Does K concentration in solution alter the Cs distribution specifically?
Fukushima Prefecture installed approximately 200 belt conveyor testers in various areas throughout the prefecture, and inspections were performed to coincide with shipments from producers. The scheme for the inspection of all rice is shown in Fig. 2, and can be described as follows: (1) farmers carry their rice bags to an inspection station, (2) their rice bags are sealed with a bar code label that includes the farmer’s A belt coveyor tester The label which indicate go through the inspection Rice bag 䞉Farmers carry their rice bags in an inspection station 䞉An investigator loads the rice bag on a belt conveyor tester.
Agricultural Implications of the Fukushima Nuclear Accident: The First Three Years by Tomoko M. Nakanishi, Keitaro Tanoi