Agricultural Trade and Poverty: Making Policy Analysis Count - download pdf or read online

By Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development

ISBN-10: 9264197338

ISBN-13: 9789264197336

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Extra info for Agricultural Trade and Poverty: Making Policy Analysis Count

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2001; Martin and Winters, 1996). The lack of market access constrains trading opportunities for exporting developing members. Second, large agricultural subsidies in high-income countries via domestic farm and trade policies of high-income countries lead to depressed world market prices. Exports from some of the high-income countries are subsidised explicitly or implicitly through production subsidies. ” (WTO 2001, para. 13). * Paper also presented at the Fifth Conference on Global Economic Analysis, Taipei, 5-7 June 2002.

Oilseeds receive area payments associated with a set-a-side, but do not have an intervention price. Although the European Union remains a major distorting force in world agricultural markets, the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) has evolved dramatically since 1992 with a series of reforms culminating with the Berlin Accord on Agenda 2000. The reforms have modified the sources of income support using lower price support which was offset by compensatory payments that are linked to historical production and impose set-aside requirements (crops), and headage payments combined with fixed production quotas (livestock, dairy).

The database refers to 1998 and hence lags on important developments that have taken place since, such as the entry of China and Taiwan into the WTO. As a result the GTAP database significantly overstates China’s tariffs on oilseeds and grains, which do not reflect the current situation. A similar problem arises with the European Union because new policies have been put in place in 2000 with the Berlin Accord on Agenda 2000. The latter 44 increases direct payments and reduces crop intervention prices.

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