By Carlos da Silva, Doyle Baker, Andrew Shepherd, Chakib Jenane, Sérgio Miranda-da-Cruz
The advance of aggressive agro-industries is essential for growing employment and source of revenue possibilities in addition to bettering the standard of and insist for farm items. Agro-industries may have a true impression on overseas improvement by way of expanding financial development and decreasing poverty in either rural and concrete components of constructing nations. besides the fact that, to be able to stay away from hostile results to weak international locations and folks, sound guidelines and techniques for fostering agro-industries are wanted. With contributions from agro-industry experts, educational specialists and UN technical enterprises, chapters handle the concepts and activities required for bettering agro-industrial competitiveness in ways in which can create source of revenue, generate employment and struggle poverty within the constructing international. Agro-industries for improvement highlights the present prestige and destiny direction for agro-industries and brings recognition to the contributions this zone could make to overseas improvement. This booklet is a co-publication with FAO and UNIDO
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The advance of aggressive agro-industries is essential for growing employment and source of revenue possibilities in addition to improving the standard of and insist for farm items. Agro-industries could have a true influence on foreign improvement by way of expanding financial development and decreasing poverty in either rural and concrete components of constructing nations.
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Extra info for Agro-industries for Development
Conversely, some of the major higher-value food exports from developing countries, for example, fresh fruits and vegetables, require large volumes of water in their production. This fact has brought about accusations that, in effect, these countries are exporting ‘virtual water’ (Orr and Chapagain, 2007). Water pollution can become an issue with respect to pesticide use and (perhaps more importantly) livestock production. Many developing countries lack the institutions needed to properly develop and implement environmental governance systems to keep such pollution in check.
Thus, the predominance of spot markets with informal rules of conduct for many agricultural, fisheries and forestry products is giving way to more formal and longer-term relationships between agro-industrial enterprises and suppliers of raw materials. In particular, contracting is becoming a key form of governance in vertical supply chains, while forms of contracting are changing. Initially, agro-industrial enterprises tend to employ marketing contracts that are relatively informal in nature, or at least are not specified in a written and legally enforceable instrument.
Further, weak infrastructure tends to favour larger enterprises that have access to the capital to install their own facilities for generating electricity and providing potable water, and operate at capacity levels to spread these costs over a large volume of output. In the longer term, as processes of agroindustrialization proceed, this can steer the structure of the sector towards higher levels of concentration. In addition to basic infrastructure such as roads, electricity, the Internet and telephones, more specific infrastructural needs of the agro-industries sector continue to develop.
Agro-industries for Development by Carlos da Silva, Doyle Baker, Andrew Shepherd, Chakib Jenane, Sérgio Miranda-da-Cruz