By James Henry Breasted
This quantity extends Breasted's striking documentary historical past in the course of the reign of King Tutankhamun. by way of offering the 1st definitive transcription and the 1st English model of 1000's of historic files inscribed on papyrus or leather-based or carved in stone, Breasted gave unparalleled entry to info of royal succession, army conquest, spiritual upheaval, administrative complexity, and different points of historical Egyptian civilization. initially released within the first decade of the 20th century, his enormous paintings seems to be the following in paperback for the 1st time. The Eighteenth Dynasty observed the consolidation of the cult of Amun and the growth of the temple of Amun-Re at Karnak, in addition to a spiritual revolution below King Akhenaten that concerned leaving behind Thebes as a non secular capital and royal place of abode and founding a brand new urban dedicated to the carrier of the hot sunlight god, Aten. Breasted provides documents of the biography and coronation of Queen Hatshepsut, together with reliefs that depict the queen's excursion to the land of Punt. additionally during this quantity are the annals of Thutmose III, offering the main whole account of the army achievements of any Egyptian king; scenes representing the supernatural delivery and coronation by way of the gods of his son, Amenhotep II; and, inscriptions from the tomb of Rekhmire, best minister or vizier less than Thutmose III, that come with an inventory of taxes paid to the temple and overseas tribute continuing from the king's 20 years of army task in Asia. A herculean assemblage of basic records, a lot of that have deteriorated to illegibility considering the fact that its unique e-book, "Ancient files of Egypt" illuminates either the marvelous complexity of Egyptian society and the virtually insuperable problems of reconstructing a misplaced civilization.
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Extra info for Ancient Records of Egypt: The Eighteenth dynasty
CAREER UNDER AHMOSE I [Ll. words about his youth and parentage, Ahmose plunges directly into his first 4. aSee Tomb of Pahri, "Eleventh Memoir," Egyptian Exploration Fund, and Lepsius, Denkmder, 111, 10, b and 11, b. bPahri, grandson of Ahmose, son of Ebana, was "prince of Esneh ( Y n y . " Tylor, Tomb of Pahri, P1. 111. cSee Goodwin, Zeitschrift far iigyptische Sprache, 1872, 2 1 . dHis tomb is the most interesting one at El Kab; see The Tomb of Pahri ef Kab, b y Griffith and Tylor, "Eleventh Memoir," of Egyptian Exploration Fund.
Q 531 STELA OF KERES 23 53. He says: "0 ye mayors, scribes, ritual priests, Isattendants, citizens (C n&w) of the army, as your city-gods favor you, and love you, as ye would bequeath your office(s) to your children 'dafter old age,, verily so shall ye say: 'An offering which the king gives; 1a king, of the two lofty plumes, lord of life, giver of that which is desired, 15lord of burial after old age. May he give bread, beer, oxen, geese, everything good and pure, that comes forth upon the table of 16the All Lord, for the kjL of .
Continued 5 401 18. He enumerates his campaigns and his captures under Ahmose I, Amenhotep I, Thutmose I and 11. I. Career under Ahmose I 19. His meager reference to a campaign of Ahmose I in Zahi is our sole source of knowledge for that event. It probably followed the capture of Sharuhen. Campaign in Syria 20. 'Hereditary prince, count, wearer of the royal seal,e chief treasurer, herald 'of his Lord: -1, a gAhmose, called Pen-Nekhbet (Pn-Nw't), triumphant; he says: "I followed King Nebpehtire (Nbphty-R C, Ahmose I), triumphant.
Ancient Records of Egypt: The Eighteenth dynasty by James Henry Breasted