By Dr Javier Echeñique
Aristotle's Ethics develops a posh idea of the features which make for an outstanding man or woman and for a number of many years there was extreme dialogue approximately no matter if Aristotle's thought of voluntariness, defined within the Ethics, truly delineates what smooth thinkers could realize as a idea of ethical accountability. Javier Echeñique offers a singular account of Aristotle's dialogue of voluntariness within the Ethics, arguing - opposed to the translation by means of Arthur Adkins and that encouraged by way of Peter Strawson - that he constructed an unique and compelling conception of ethical accountability and that this thought has contributed in very important how one can our figuring out of coercion, lack of knowledge and violence. His learn should be useful for quite a lot of readers attracted to Aristotle and in old ethics extra greatly.
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Extra resources for Aristotle's Ethics and Moral Responsibility
Perhaps in Aristotle’s world children were not subject to the legal sanctions applicable to adults, but textual evidence is needed to extend this to moral sanctions. 21 Admittedly, Strawson himself does not characterise the ‘morally responsible agent’ as someone who has the capacity of prohairesis or rational choice, or as having the capacity of reason. He certainly prefers to characterise the moral agent as a reasonable candidate for the S-reactive attitudes. Nonetheless, both Irwin and Sauv´e Meyer clearly intend these two characterisations of the moral agent to be co-extensive.
These interpreters have 5 6 See also MM 1187a20–1. For reasons that will become clear in section F below, I prefer to translate ‘epainetos’ and ‘psektos’ as ‘praiseable’ and ‘blameable’, respectively, instead of the more standard ‘praiseworthy’ and ‘blameworthy’. 22 Part I: Towards an account of ethical ascription also argued that Aristotle’s theory of voluntariness in his Ethics amounts to a theory of moral responsibility, at least in the sense in which modern philosophers in the Strawsonian tradition have understood this latter concept.
7 In this paper, Strawson focuses on the attitudes and feelings that human beings manifest to each other whenever they believe that holding one another responsible is appropriate. Strawson calls these ‘reactive attitudes’, and they include attitudes and feelings such as resentment, indignation, thankfulness, approbation, guilt and pride. These attitudes have always been recognised in one way or another in connection with moral responsibility, but they have traditionally been seen as mere corollaries of some independently intelligible concept of moral responsibility.
Aristotle's Ethics and Moral Responsibility by Dr Javier Echeñique